The phoenix are plants belonging to the genus of palms that present seventeen different species. They are of great ornamental value and all come from East Asia. They have long, pinnate and persistent leaves, provided with a robust petiole, wider at the point of intersection on the stem. They have male and female flowers on different plants: for the production of the fruits must be planted near individuals of the two sexes. The flowers are small gathered in hanging inflorescences that bloom in spring. These are plants that have a good resistance to cold but still prefer medium temperatures and mild climates. They can reach a maximum height of 10 meters. These palms are excellent for embellishing gardens and avenues as they give the environment a tropical look.
A variety of palm deserving attention is the phoenix roebelinii. It is a palm native to Asia that can reach one or two meters in height. It has an almost non-existent stem and dark green leaves, about 60 cm long, formed by numerous narrow leaflets with a hanging habit. It also produces flowers, although not particularly ornamental. It adapts to the climate of the apartment with ease as it prefers mild climates. It does not tolerate temperatures below 10 degrees; avoid exposure to cold currents or temperature changes.
The canary's date palm or Phoenix canariensis requires a lot of light throughout the year, but not direct sunlight, which can cause the leaves to turn yellow. In winter the temperature must never be below 10-12 degrees. If you want to cultivate the plant in the garden, in areas where winters are more rigid it will be necessary to protect it with sheets or mats or choose a garden location where the wind is not particularly intense.
If the Phoenix canariensis is in a heated apartment, it is necessary to ensure sufficient humidity. From May to September, a period of greater vegetative activity, watering will be abundant and regular. During the winter months they must be very moderate.
Sowing takes place between March and May, in a mixture of soil and sand in a ratio of three to one, keeping everything moist at a temperature of 21 - 24 degrees centigrade. The germination takes place within two months and the shoots can be transplanted after six to eight months or in May the rooted suckers come off and stick.
The ideal soil for phoenix canariensis is rather soft, it must not be particularly humid and well supplied with humus. Optimal growth is also found in woodland or in soil. As for the repotting, these plants are repotted every two or three years, preferably in April. In the years in which the repotting is not carried out, a diluted liquid fertilizer is administered, every fortnight from May to September to be administered with irrigation water.
The date palm of the Canary Islands is a pollen plant and to maintain its shape, all the suckers come off. After the leaves have dried, cut the shoots at the base.
Canary Island Date Palm - Phoenix canariensis: Pests and diseases
Canary Island date palms are often attacked by brown mealy bugs and powdery mealybugs.