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It turns out that if you plant several cucumber bushes on the loggia, they are able to feed a small family with their fruits all year round!
- what seeds are better to choose
- seedling care
- cucumber care
What seeds are best for planting on loggias?
There are a lot of cucumber seeds, but, as you know, different varieties behave differently. Firstly, when choosing seeds, you need to pay attention only to self-pollinating options (this is understandable, because there will be no one to pollinate cucumbers at home). In addition, you need to opt for shade-tolerant hybrids and very productive. Among such varieties, you can choose such as Zozulya, April, Virenta-1, Virenta-2, as well as balcony hybrids F1 City gherkin, F1 Calendar, F1 Balagan and others. These varieties can be successfully grown outdoors.
The temperature in the room where the cucumbers are grown should not be lower than 20 degrees Celsius. In this case, it is necessary to create a special microclimate: there should be no drafts, it is better if the balcony is oriented to the east or southeast.
You can sow seedlings already starting in February. The ideal time is from February to April. Accordingly, the earlier you sow the seeds, the sooner you can enjoy fresh cucumbers!
Small cups are best suited for seedlings, in which one seed should be sown at a depth of about two centimeters. Then the cups must be placed in a warm room, the temperature of which will be about 25 degrees.
To get good seedlings, you need to take care of additional lighting - a fluorescent lamp. Good lighting is very important for cucumbers. At the same time, it is necessary to water it quite often, since with additional lighting the soil dries out quickly, and this cannot be allowed.
Ready seedlings are transplanted together with the ground in containers with a height of at least fifteen centimeters.
After the seedlings have grown up a little, they must be tied up and the wire installed. Also, one of the options for growing cucumbers can be considered growing in hanging pots, in this case you will not have to tie them up. Cucumbers grow well in pots, the volume of soil in which is 5-6 kilograms.
Watering is necessary as the soil dries, approximately four times a week, and the aboveground part requires individual spraying.
With strong growth, the plant is pinched several times over each next leaf. The first pinching helps to accelerate the formation of axillary buds, the appearance of lateral shoots, on which a large number of female flowers are formed. All subsequent ones serve to limit the vegetative mass of the plant, making the bush more compact.
It should be noted that no more than four plants should be placed on a one and a half meter window in order to provide them with the necessary space for active growth.
If you do not use hanging pots, but cucumbers are on the windowsill, then when the plant reaches the top of the window, it should be tied up at the top.
It is necessary to feed the plants with ash starting from the bud setting phase. You need to feed it constantly, about once every ten days. Fertilizer (ash) is diluted in water at the rate of 1 glass of ash per 10 liters of water. The finished fertilizer should be watered on the plants, one or two glasses per plant. The fruits must be removed regularly, while avoiding overgrowth.
The most common pests that threaten cucumbers are aphids, spider mites and whiteflies. It is best to use folk remedies, not chemicals, in the fight against these pests, since they do not harm the plant and its fruits.
The plant should be processed in two stages with an interval of about a week. This will require 1/2 bucket of onion husks (dry), half a glass of tobacco, and a glass of ash. All this is poured with boiling water to make a full bucket and insist for a day. After that, strain the resulting composition and add a tablespoon of soap. With this solution, treat the plant from a spray bottle.
After about a week, the plant should be re-treated.
You should pay particular attention to the processing of the inner surface of the leaves, since this is a favorite place for pests. After such treatment, the pests die.