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An American guest from the Agavov family will adorn any land plot. In order for the yucca to feel great, caring owners need to learn about the proper care for it.
- The origin and appearance of yucca
- The basics of caring for yucca garden
- What threatens the healthy growth of a plant?
The origin and appearance of yucca
This thermophilic shrub or low tree is native to the tropics and subtropics. Yucca is pollinated by only one species of butterfly, which is not found in temperate climates. Although the tree does not present its fruits to the owners, it delights the eye with beautiful large flowers in the form of bells.
The foliage is rigid, xiphoid, 25-100 cm long. The width of the leaves, as a rule, is no more than 8 cm. They are collected in a bunch at the top of the stem or form an unusual rosette near the root, can be covered with threads, sometimes a sharp thorn is found at the end. The color is determined by the type of shrub. There is also a rich dark green and gray shade. The edges of the leaf are smooth or serrated.
When the garden yucca blooms, hundreds of its white, creamy greenish, yellow bells are an amazing sight. The flowers form a panicle 0.5 to 2.5 m long, which can stand upright or drop.
At home, a plant is not only an element of decor, but also an industrial culture. Sugar is extracted from the juice of flowers. Strong ropes are made using fibers extracted from the leaves.
"The tree of happiness" - this is how the yucca was christened. It is believed that it brings good luck and prosperity to its owners. Garden yucca - beauty, benefit and luck in one plant.
The basics of caring for yucca garden
The most important thing for a tree is sunlight and sufficient watering. The plant itself will tell you about the need for water. If the leaves are straightened and the threads are twisted, then there is enough moisture. When the foliage curls, the threads sag lifelessly - watering is required. Excess water will lead to decay.
The shrub reacts to lack of sun by shedding thick fan-shaped leaves. Partial shade in hot weather is a good place for yucca. Slightly elevated, in sufficiently drained soil, the plant will thrive.
You can grow a tree from seeds, but this is a lengthy process. The end of winter is a good time to plant in a room where the average room temperature is maintained. It will take approximately two years to grow seedlings that will take root in the ground. A plant is planted in the garden in spring, when the temperature is +70 C and above.
It is much easier to buy a grown garden yucca. The dug hole should be about twice the size of the root. By adding sand and gravel, organic and mineral fertilizers, the bush is planted in the center. Offspring and root cuttings are available methods of tree propagation.
Yucca tolerates winter well in the garden if its leaves are tied in a bunch and covered. Cutting of half of the stem and wrapping is allowed. If the plant is not hidden, then during severe frosts, some leaves will die.
Garden yucca loves warmth, sun and moderate moisture, it can be grown from seeds, offspring, root cuttings.
What threatens the healthy growth of a plant?
Proper planting and good care ensure the health of the shrub. Unpleasant surprises can be presented by:
- Spider mite
Brown plaques on the plant indicate damage to its scabbard. They fight the pest by wiping the leaves with wet cotton wool. Once every 7 days, instead of water for wetting, you need to take vodka. Chemicals will help to cope with the parasite: special solutions (Karbofos, Aktar) are used to spray the tree.
Yellowish spots after winter tell about the attack of slugs. The way out is insecticides. The Iskra BIO preparation will take care of the tick.
Other possible troubles:
- Excessive watering in winter or a strong cold snap provoke rotting of the roots and the death of garden yucca.
- From dry air, cold drafts, the edges of the leaves and tips turn brown.
- The plant will complain of an excess of sun with light dry spots on the leaves.
- Too humid air, moist soil will lead to damage to the leaves by fungus or bacteria. Leaves with grayish-brown spots will simply have to be removed and the plant treated with a fungicide.
- The fungus causes the stem to soften. It is really possible to help the plant only at the beginning of the disease by removing the affected areas.
- Often gardeners are faced with such a problem as the lack of flowers on the yucca. The tree can please in the first year after planting. It happens that the bells have to wait 4 or 5 years. In order for a shrub to bloom, you should never cut off withered leaves.
Proper care, disease prevention, timely pest control guarantee plant health. Attractive and evergreen garden yucca will become a fashionable decoration element for the site. Everything in this plant - flowers and leaves - is created to delight the eye.
Features of growing garden yucca on video: