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Calla is one of those plants that have a unique flower shape. They are indoor and garden plants, and are used for decorative purposes to give the interior a unique style and in the composition of various flower arrangements.
There are a variety of shapes and colors, depending on the type of selection. The inflorescence itself is located on the area of the stem where there are no leaves. The color range of plants is quite diverse - red, blue, pink, purple, yellow. The bract is surrounded by a funnel-shaped veil. The leaves are massive and can reach lengths up to 15 centimeters and widths up to 11 centimeters, have a bright green color.
- Features of caring for calla lilies in the garden
- Features of care for calla lilies in pots
- Features of growing calla lilies from seeds and seedlings
Features of caring for calla lilies in the garden
The courtship process involves the competent implementation of the following points:
In order for the plant to please the eye for a long time, it needs proper care. Basically, the plant is distinguished by its resistance to changes in weather conditions, however, it requires a careful approach to the choice of soil composition. The soil must be acidic.
It is optimal if it contains peat, turf soil, compost, sand. You also need to carefully monitor the watering process. The plant came to us from a swampy area, therefore it needs constant soil moisture. Drying the soil will cause the leaves of the plant to turn yellow. It is especially recommended to water frequently on hot days. If there is no possibility of frequent watering, then it is advisable to plant the plant near water bodies. However, this does not apply to artificial ponds because they do not have contact with the ground.
The process of growing calla lilies should be accompanied by regular feeding. As a rule, feeding is carried out once a year. But, if the plant has stopped blooming, then it is necessary to feed the plant much more often. For plants to bloom regularly in the garden, it is necessary to supply the plant with nutrients twice a month. During irrigation, liquid fertilizers and compost are added to the water.
The condition of the plant should be closely monitored to avoid overfeeding. Overfeeding is indicated by burnt leaves due to the high nitrogen content. In order for a plant to bloom regularly, it must receive a sufficient amount of sunlight. If ultraviolet light is not enough, then it is necessary to increase the dose of feeding. Calla lilies appreciate open areas as there is more room for growth.
Features of care for calla lilies in pots
A plant that is kept in pots requires a different approach to care. The plant needs more frequent watering, since a different indicator of air humidity prevails in the room. In addition, a significant amount of moisture is lost in the pot. The power supply system is also somewhat different.
The plant must be transplanted into new soil annually, since the soil tends to accumulate an excess of fertilizer, creating an unfavorable environment, and the plant may die. The increased toxicity of the fertilizer causes the shoots to become thinner.
Calla lilies are planted using bulbs:
- This bulb looks like a small root outgrowth.
- Shoots subsequently begin to grow from the bulb.
- The bulb begins to germinate after it receives the required amount of water and nutrients.
- The plant spreads due to the growth in the number of rhizomes.
The planting procedure is simple. For planting, it is necessary to use well-drained soil, otherwise the plant may begin to rot. When planting more than one bulb, it is necessary to maintain a distance of twelve centimeters so that the plant can grow unhindered.
In order for the plant to take over well in the early stages of growth, it is recommended to water it more often. The plant loves moist soil, with a lack of moisture needed, growth and flowering cease. Over time, the rhizome will produce other bulbs that must be dug up for repotting or elimination.
Features of growing calla lilies from seeds and seedlings
Besides propagation by bulbs, calla lilies can propagate using seeds. The seeds can be purchased at the store. It is more economical to wait for the seed pods to ripen with friends. From seeds, the germination period is quite long and requires careful temperature control.
Before planting, seeds must be germinated by placing them in a humid environment. This requires the use of a paper towel on which the seeds are placed. Next, cover the seeds on top with the same damp paper towel and place them on a small plate in a dark, cool place. The towel should be slightly damp, as excess moisture can cause the plant to rot.
It is not recommended to plant seeds directly in the garden, as the chance that they will germinate there is reduced. A large number of microorganisms live in the garden soil, and they are not immune from bird attacks. Sowing seeds is recommended in a small pot, where all the necessary conditions for their healthy germination are created.
You can buy special soil for plants of this species, which contains the optimal ratio of nutrients. At the time of germination, there is a high risk of rotting seeds, so watering should be carried out regularly and in small quantities. It is best to supply the seeds with moisture through the bottom of the pot. One pot should contain no more than two seeds at a time.
Once the calla lilies have reached the correct size, they can be transplanted into an open ground or pot of the appropriate size. In order for a plant to bloom and please with its healthy appearance, it must be adapted to new conditions. It is recommended to wash the roots before transplanting. This procedure must be followed carefully so as not to damage the root system and introduce bacteria and other microorganisms.
The process of seed propagation of calla lilies is quite fascinating, as the end result remains unknown. Calla, which is grown from seed, rarely resembles its parents. As a result, you can get an interesting color scheme of the plant.
The subtleties of growing callas in the video: