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Delicious, but at the same time unpretentious grapes have long become a favorite of gardeners. It can be seen on almost every site. When it becomes necessary to transplant an already mature plant, it is important to do it right.
- What is the best time for a transplant?
- How to move a grape bush correctly?
- Method of transplanting by layering and cuttings
What is the best time for a transplant?
It is rational to transfer adult grapes to a new place of residence in the fall, after the leaves fall. In this case, you need to be in time before the first frosts so that the fragile rhizome is not damaged.
Some professionals transplant the bushes in early spring, before the sap has begun to move. This period is successful, because the grapes have not yet woken up after hibernation. Usually such bushes survive the move painlessly. The optimal time for work is April 25-28. Since the weather conditions change every year, these times are relative. The most important thing is to transplant the plant before bud break.
In both cases, the old grapes are moved along with the clod. If the work is done in springtime, the dug hole is watered with hot water. The grapes are malleable and usually take root well. But no one is immune from mistakes. It is possible to kill the plant by leaving many vines and old roots, allowing it to form fruit early.
You can transplant grapes both in spring and autumn, choosing the best timing for this.
How to move a grape bush correctly?
- For work you need to prepare:
- Potassium permanganate
Trying not to affect the rhizomes of the neighbors, the selected plant is dug in (radius 50 cm). It is unlikely that it will be possible to completely get the roots. On sandy soils, they reach 1.5 m in depth.
Bushes that are 5 to 7 years old are carefully freed from the ground. The old parts of the rhizome are removed: only strong young shoots should be left. The underground part of the grapes is placed in a pre-prepared mixture of clay and potassium permanganate diluted with water.
Excess vines are cut off. Leave no more than 2 sleeves. Each has 1 or 2 young vines. The tops of the grape branches are shortened. The cut is closed with wax. Next, the bush is moved to a previously prepared hole. In a depression poured with water, place: clay, soil with sand and gravel.
It will be easier for the plant to take root if barley grains are added to the hole. Iron-poor soil can be enriched. To do this, nails and cans are burned on a fire and placed near the rhizome. Fertilizers are added to the ground, which the roots will be covered with.
The prepared planting material is placed obliquely in the hole, the roots are straightened down. The depression is filled in, young vines are brought out a little to the surface. The bush is watered immediately. In order for the plant to have enough moisture in the future, a piece of pipe is installed in the pit.
In the first year, in a new place, all formed inflorescences are broken off. For the next season, only a third of them are left. Such actions will help the grapes to recover faster.
Young 1 and 3-year-old bushes are transplanted together with a lump of earth into a larger depression. This method is called transshipment. So that the soil does not crumble, the grapes are not watered for several days and the rhizome is not shortened. It is not difficult to properly transplant a grape bush if you follow all the recommendations of experienced gardeners.
Method of transplanting by layering and cuttings
When an old plant needs to be moved a short distance, it is completely irrational to dig it up. Grow cuttings efficiently. This is both movement and rejuvenation.
The vines are not separated from the mother plant, but simply added dropwise. The cut takes root gradually. He eats both himself and at the expense of the old bush. It is convenient if the grapes immediately have a vine of the required length. A shoot that is too short is lengthened by grafting a stalk. And you can form layers several times. An overly long vine is simply wrapped around the trunk of the mother plant.
Cuttings for transplantation are prepared in the fall, cutting off adult bushes. Shoots that are 1 year old are suitable, about 10 mm in thickness. They are laid on the ground and sprinkled with sand. The layer thickness is 15 cm. This is how grapes are stored until February.
Then the cuttings are taken out and the buds are separated, leaving only three. The tips of the shoots are placed in water with a growth regulator. They are ready for planting if, when you click on the cut, a liquid of a light green hue is shown.
To continue successful development, the seedling is placed in a container filled with a specially prepared mixture. This is sod land, humus, sand and sawdust in a ratio of 1: 1.5: 0.5: 1.
After planting, the stalk is generously watered. He does not like the liquid to stagnate. In spring, grapes can be safely placed in the garden.
There are great ways to transplant grapes without digging up the old bush.
Virtually any irrationally planned vineyard can be streamlined. Both young and old plants are easily transplanted and take root.
The proven method of transplanting grapes in the video: