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Hibiscus is a fairly well-known group of plants that is most often called the Chinese rose, although in addition to it, the genus Hibiscus includes more than 150 different species.
Representatives of this genus can be found both in the wild and cultivated form.
Despite the fact that hibiscus is most often understood as a houseplant, it can still grow in gardens in regions with very mild winters.
Because of the large beautiful flowers, shiny foliage, it may seem that hibiscus requires difficult care and does not reproduce well.
Let's try to figure out how true this is and whether simple propagation of hibiscus by cuttings is possible.
- Hibiscus: features of care and reproduction
- Reproduction of hibiscus by cuttings at home
Hibiscus: features of care and reproduction
The wild ancestors of home and garden hibiscus for the most part grew in a fairly warm climate:
- Of Japan
- South of Russia
Therefore, when growing hibiscus, it is important to provide the plant with a comfortable temperature. Hibiscus grows best at a temperature of + 23 + 24 degrees, although in the cool season it can withstand a drop of up to + 15 degrees.
When grown in a garden, hibiscus is placed in a well-lit place; it does not need artificial shade.
In a room, it is best placed near the southern windows, and in winter, additional lighting must be provided.
Hibiscus reacts favorably to additional watering. In summer, in hot weather, and in winter in a room with dry air, it is advisable to regularly spray the plant with water.
In the summer after this procedure, it is advisable to ventilate the room where the flower pot is located.
To see flowers in summer, hibiscus must be fed from mid-March. You need one feeding once every seven to eight days. It is most convenient to alternate mineral fertilizers with organic ones.
In order for beautiful double or simple flowers to open, it is advisable to create somewhat cramped conditions for the hibiscus root system and not rush to transplant it into an overly spacious pot.
If all conditions are met, buds will appear on the hibiscus by mid-summer. Flowering is long enough, some flowers fade, others immediately open.
Thus, the flowering of hibiscus can last for several weeks. So that after the flower withers, seeds suitable for sowing are formed in its place, it is necessary to carry out artificial pollination of the flower.
This will require not only choosing the right day, but also possessing some skills.
In addition, when growing hibiscus from seed, not all seedlings will be identical to the parent plant, so it is more convenient to propagate hibiscus at home using cuttings.
Reproduction of hibiscus by cuttings at home
For harvesting cuttings, you need to choose young, well-developed shoots with semi-lignified bark. With a sharp, clean knife, the shoot must be cut off. It is better to do this at once obliquely.
The optimum length of the cutting is about 15 cm. Three to four internodes should be placed on this segment. The upper part of the shoot must be shortened with a straight cut. The outermost pair of leaves is removed from the cutting completely.
The next leaf blades are cut by 1/2 - 1/3 part. It is advisable to soak the lower part of the cutting for several hours in an epin solution. You can simply dip the tip into a dry root former.
Fill the seedling cups with loose soil, you can mix garden soil with sand and peat in equal proportions. A good result can be obtained by adding a spoonful of bone meal to the soil for rooting hibiscus cuttings.
Depending on the size of the cutting, containers with a volume of 200 to 500 ml are suitable. It is good to moisten the soil and plant prepared hibiscus cuttings in it.
To maintain the temperature and water balance, put a transparent polyethylene bag on top of the handle.
The optimum temperature for root growth is not lower than +24 degrees. After about four weeks, the cuttings have their own roots and are ready for potting.
During the rooting period, too much moisture can accumulate on the bag, it is enough to remove it from the cutting, turn it out and shake the water well.
Then return the package to its place. It is important to remember that with an excess of water, hibiscus cuttings begin to rot and become unsuitable for a new plant.
You can go another, simpler way.
Put the prepared cuttings of the plant for rooting in a solution of water and activated carbon. It is advisable to pour water into either opaque containers or dark glass dishes.
As soon as the size of young roots reaches 5 mm, the cutting can be transplanted into a pot. As a rule, cuttings with long, overgrown roots take root less well.
When choosing a method of reproduction of hibiscus, it is important to know that a plant grown from seeds blooms for the first time only in the fourth year, and a bush grown from a cuttings will delight you with beautiful flowers in a year.
Video about propagation by cuttings of hibiscus: