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Among vegetable crops, almost all types of garden cabbage occupy one of the first places in popularity. When growing on the site of any of the types of this vegetable, gardeners use two methods, namely growing through seedlings and planting cabbage in open ground.
Taking into account the climatic conditions of the middle lane, the timing of seed germination and the ripening time of the crop, it is advisable to grow only early varieties through seedlings. Medium to medium late ripening varieties can be sown directly into the ground. Planting cabbage right on the garden bed has some advantages over the seedling method, and the success of such cultivation will be ensured if you choose the right place for the cabbage and prepare it for planting.
- Advantages of a seedless cabbage growing method, location selection
- Land preparation, terms of sowing cabbage in the ground
- Sowing cabbage in the ground, taking care of seedlings
Advantages of a seedless cabbage growing method, location selection
Pros of a seedless way to grow cabbage
If you grow cabbage by sowing seeds in the ground, then you can avoid the following:
- storing or buying soil for seedlings
- costs for seed containers
- allocating space for placing boxes with seedlings
- additional lighting
- picking and hardening seedlings
Since all these activities require financial and time costs, the benefits of a seedless growing method become obvious. In addition, transplanted seedlings take time to root, and at this time their growth slows down significantly, which does not happen when planting directly into the ground. The success of such cultivation will ensure the right location. For this, it is advisable to take into account at least several important factors:
- soil quality
- prior cultures
Ground requirement and lighting
Given that cabbage belongs to crops that are sensitive to lack of moisture and soil fertility, the best soil for it will be one that is able to retain moisture, but without its stagnation. For this, places with loamy fertile soil are ideal. In addition, it is worth paying attention to the acid-base reaction of the soil. On sour soil, cabbage develops very poorly, the optimal environment for it is neutral or slightly alkaline. If the soil is acidic, then the introduction of deoxidizing substances, such as chalk or lime, is required.
Cabbage cannot stand the direct scorching sun, but areas with dense shade are not for this culture. It is best to arrange the so-called backstage of tall crops for planting cabbage. They will create the desired shadow. For this, corn, sunflower are suitable. It is optimal to arrange the planting of bourgeois crops every 5 or 10 cabbage rows. It is not worth planting cabbage under fruit trees, as it will not withstand competition with them for moisture and nutrients.
When growing cabbage, you should avoid sowing it in the beds where any of the types of garden cabbage grew, as well as turnips, radishes, radishes. It is best to sow cabbage seeds in areas where there were tomatoes, peas, or carrots. If a place is chosen, then before sowing in open ground, you need to carry out several preparatory measures.
Land preparation, terms of sowing cabbage in the ground
How to prepare the soil for cabbage
Like all vegetable crops, cabbage requires deeply dug soil. Ideally, this should be done twice. The first digging on a shovel bayonet is carried out in the fall, after harvesting. The second digging is needed in the spring, after the soil has thawed to a depth of 25 - 30 cm. In most regions, this is the second half of April.
Cabbage is very sensitive to soil fertility; when forming a head of cabbage, it requires a fairly large amount of nutrients. With this in mind, well-rotted manure or humus must be brought in for digging. Its quantity per sq. meter is equal to 5 - 6 kg. If the land is depleted by previous crops, then the amount should be increased to 2 - 3 buckets. On the same area, simultaneously with humus, you need to bring in during the spring digging:
- glass of wood ash
- Art. l. nitrophosphate
- including urea
If the land was prepared in the fall with the simultaneous introduction of a phosphorus-potassium mixture, then in the spring fertilizers are added directly to the sowing furrows. It is enough to mix a pound of humus with a spoonful of table urea, two tablespoons of ash and add this mixture along the length of all grooves, also per 1 sq. m.
Sowing time of cabbage in the ground
Seedlings of cabbage, sown directly into the ground, tolerate a short-term drop in temperature to - 3 - 5 degrees. However, the best time for planting comes after the soil temperature at a depth of 5 - 10 cm is not lower than + 8 degrees.
In most regions, such heating of the soil is typical for the third decade of April - the first decade of May. If sowing is done earlier, then covering material can be used. From the first days of May, cabbage can be sown without shelter. Some varieties of cabbage can be sown into the ground several times at intervals of 7 to 14 days.
Sowing cabbage in the ground, taking care of seedlings
For sowing in the ground, it is best to purchase seeds that have undergone the necessary processing and pelleting. This will avoid planting too densely. If the seed manufacturer has not carried out the indicated measures, then it is advisable to soak the seeds for 10-15 hours in warm water, add potassium permanganate at the end of soaking, and rinse the cabbage seeds after half an hour.
Seeds are buried in the ground to a depth of 2 - 3 mm. If the seeds are granular, then they are placed immediately at a distance of at least 15 cm, the larger the heads are expected, the greater the distance, there are varieties where there should be about 0.5 m between the plants.
You can sow more densely, and at the stage of 3 - 4 leaves, make a pick, this is the optimal stage of development of cabbage seedlings for transplantation. As soon as the shoots appear, it is important to monitor the moisture content of the soil.
In addition, young seedlings are very attractive to many pests, such as the cruciferous flea. You can save seedlings from it if you pollinate them with wood ash mixed with tobacco crumbs. If the flea nevertheless struck the cabbage sprouts, then they can be treated with Actellik.
At the stage of 6 - 7 leaves, seedlings are fed with manure solution. Also, 2 - 3 times during the summer, cabbage needs to be weeded, and in dry weather provide it with regular watering. It is carried out after sunset, each plant needs at least a liter of water. The place of watering is mulched. Compliance with the above agrotechnical techniques will help you get a decent harvest of garden cabbage.
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