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Gardeners fell in love with Coreopsis dyes for the sunny mood that it gives to the flower garden, for its joyful openwork lightness. However, when growing, it is worth considering some features.
- Acquaintance with the view
- Benefits and differences
- Agrotechnics and cultivation features
- Application and beliefs
Acquaintance with the view
Coreopsis dyeing is an annual from the numerous genus Coreopsis. A representative of the flora of the American continent, an indigenous inhabitant of Canada, the USA, the north of Brazil. Often it develops roadsides, plain meadows, the outskirts of fields and wastelands. Here he is often referred to as Calliopsis.
Among domestic gardeners, it is known under the names Parisian Beauty, Lenok, Yellow Chamomile, Maiden's Eyes. It grows on different types of soils, it manifests itself better on dry, light sandy soils, flavored with humus. Drought-resistant. It grows and blooms more abundantly in sunny areas. It tolerates partial shading, but the flowers become smaller, they are slightly smaller.
More than 100 varieties have been bred in culture. The height of an adult plant is from 20 cm to 1 m, and dwarf forms up to 15 cm high have been created. It forms a spacious herbaceous bush. The root is fibrous. The stem is erect, thin, branched. Narrow, strongly dissected leaves, tapering from base to apex.
Bright flowers are located singly or in two or three, each on its own thin peduncle. There is no aroma. The inflorescence is a three to five centimeter basket. Consists of reed petals arranged in one row, with denticles and a yellow stripe along the outer edge. The central spot is dark, the size depends on the variety, the color of the middle is dark - red, burgundy, brown-red.
The seed capsule is flattened, the shape resembles an insect - a bug. It was she who gave the name to the plant: "coreopsis" from Greek - "bug-like". Many small seeds ripen in the box.
Garden varieties are grown from seed, usually through seedlings. It also reproduces by self-seeding. In such cases, it rises before winter, forming low rosettes, or in early spring. The green mass is growing rapidly. Blooms from late June until frost.
Benefits and differences
The benefits of this plant are called:
- grows on any soil, especially good on dry sandy
- loves the sun, but withstands slight shading
- drought tolerant
- very decorative, forms light thickets of air
- blooms long and abundantly
- the color of flowers is beautiful, evokes associations with sunlight and positive emotions
The distinctive features of dye coreopsis are:
- the ability to develop and bloom in partial shade conditions, which other species of the genus coreopsis cannot boast of
- unlike most crops, prefers dry, depleted soils
Agrotechnics and cultivation features
Experienced and novice florists note the unpretentiousness of coreopsis. The limiting (determining) factor is one - good illumination. To accelerate flowering, annual coreopsis is grown in seedlings. Small seeds are sown in March or early April. Sowing is shallow, without embedding.
The container is covered with glass, foil or transparent plastic. Periodically, the greenhouse is ventilated. The grown seedlings are thinned out, leaving 25-30 mm between them, or they dive first according to the 2x2 cm scheme, the second time - into separate pots. In May - June, after the end of night frosts, they are planted in the ground at a distance of at least 30 - 40 cm from each other.
Direct sowing of seeds in open ground is carried out in late April - early May. Seedlings and then seedlings are also thinned out. If seed pods remain on the plant and ripen, it can spread by self-sowing. In this case, the seedlings are looked after in the same way as in the case of direct sowing.
Planting in the ground and watering
Choose an open, sunny place or an area where there is a light shade in the afternoon, when the summer air is hottest. Sandy loam, loose dry soils are preferred. It perfectly develops depleted soils, on heavy and fertile soils it sharply reduces flowering. Low-growing varieties are used in border plantings, to decorate terraces and balconies.
Tall ones are placed in separate groups - curtains, planted in the middle of the flower beds, in the center or in the last high tier. Water sparingly, in the absence of precipitation. The plant tolerates temporary drought more easily than excess moisture in the soil. After each watering and periodically between them, the soil is loosened. Weeds are removed regularly.
Top dressing, diseases and pests
Top dressing begins two weeks after planting in open ground, when the bush takes root. Water solutions of complex mineral fertilizers are used. Make small portions, and only on poor soils. An overabundance leads to a reduction in flowering and an active build-up of greenery. In this case, flowering cannot be restored.
Video about planting and growing coreopsis:
Coreopsis is susceptible to leaf rust, viral, bacterial or fungal infections. When a disease is detected, as indicated by darkening of the leaves or the appearance of spots, the affected parts are immediately removed. they treat the diseased plant with a fungicide, and everything that is in the flower garden in order to prevent the spread of infection.
If rust has covered the entire bush and reached the top, a copy will have to be sacrificed and removed, otherwise the entire flower bed will die. More often than other insects, coreopsis attacks aphids. To combat it, as well as with caterpillars and larvae of beetles, chemical plant protection agents are used - insecticides.
Chemicals are used strictly according to the instructions, taking safety measures.
Good to know:
- Cool, rainy early summer shifts flowering time.
- Coreopsis blooms longer and more abundantly if wilted inflorescences are periodically removed.
- Tall bushes need to be loosely tied to a support so that the wind does not break the plant.
- Flowers are suitable for bouquets, they are stored for a long time in cut.
- In flower beds, it is combined with zinnia, gailardia, rudbeckia. Good in compositions with tall flowers with spike-shaped long inflorescences. Suitable for creating solo color accents.
Application and beliefs
Coreopsis inflorescences are used to make natural dyes of red and mahogany colors. Used for dyeing yarn and textiles. For the preparation of paints, flowers are removed in the phase of half-open buds and before wilting.
Collected in dry weather, after dew has evaporated. It is dried by spreading it out in one layer in a dark, ventilated place. In the native land of coreopsis, there is a belief: if a woman expecting a baby cooks and eats a dish from a coreopsis dye bush, she will definitely have a daughter.
Delicate and very cheerful flower will adorn any garden. A bright place and light drained soil are all you need for a blooming sunny air cloud to delight and improve your mood.