the genus brunfelsia includes about 30 species of evergreen shrubs with very showy flowering and large elongated and pointed decorative leaves, dark green on the upper side, lighter on the lower side, originating from tropical America, especially from Brazil.
The flowers bloom at the axil of the upper leaves or gathered in racemes or buds, have a tubular corolla with a flattened end and are usually present in large numbers on the plant, from the beginning of spring to the end of summer. In late summer they are replaced by small blackish berries.
Characteristic of all the species is the variation in color of the flowers that are violet at first, purplish, then pale lavender and finally white, changing color from one day to another.
These plants love very bright positions, also exposed directly to sunlight, but never in the hottest periods of the year and during the hours of the day with high temperatures.
So in spring and summer we will be able to place them outside, in a place that receives at least a couple of hours of sunshine, possibly in the early morning or in the evening. Fears the cold, so in winter the pots must be collected at home or in a temperate greenhouse, in a bright place and not too hot, but that allow the plant to not present problems due to exposure to cold temperatures.
Brunfelsia pauciflora, during flowering, needs regular watering, avoiding letting the soil dry completely between one watering and another. However, it is advisable to check that the water supply does not cause water stagnation which could ruin the specimens of this type. In the winter months watering can be reduced, leaving the soil always moist.
During the flowering period it is fertilized every three weeks with a liquid fertilizer.
This variety of plants needs very fertile and well-drained peat-based soil mixed with clay, so that water does not form which is very harmful to the health of Brunfelsia pauciflora.
Semi-woody cuttings seven to eight centimeters long are taken from February to August. They are planted in a compost prepared by mixing sand and peat in equal parts. They root in four weeks at a temperature of twenty-one degrees; It is important to keep them in a place at a constant temperature so that they can take root and develop new shoots.
Brunfelsia pauciflora: Parasites
The attacks of cochineals determine the discoloration of the leaves of this variety of plant; often the brunfelsie pauciflora are also attacked by aphids and whitefly. To effectively counter the problem it is good to act quickly as soon as you notice the signs of the presence of parasites, using specific insecticide products. In the presence of cochineal, if the attack is not massive, it is also possible to intervene with a cotton swab and alcohol to eliminate it manually.
Water excesses cause root rot and leaf wilting, in which case watering is suspended and the plant is moved to a warmer place.