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Nectarine varieties, description and photos, self-fertile and early, the most popular

Nectarine varieties, description and photos, self-fertile and early, the most popular


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Nectarine is a kind of peach, this fruit is gaining popularity every year at home and abroad.

It is appreciated for its visual appeal and taste.

Thanks to breeders, different varieties of nectarines have been bred, each of which has its own flavor.

Content:

  • Brief description of the plant, its types
  • The best varieties of nectarine
  • Self-fertile varieties
  • Earliest varieties
  • Big-top and Nikitinsky-45
  • Nectarine fantasy
  • Crimean
  • Columnar
  • Advantages of the Nectarine-4 variety
  • Crimson Gold and its features

Brief description of the plant, its types

According to experts, China is the birthplace of nectarine. For a long time, some have argued that this fruit was obtained by crossing a peach with a plum, but this is not so. It appeared due to the mutation of the common peach during the crossing of its varieties.

The height of the tree is about 7 meters. The foliage is lanceolate, green in color. There are denticles at the edges of the leaves.

It blooms in early spring. The inflorescences are white and pink, very fragrant, in great abundance.

The fruit looks like balls, with a groove on one side. Basically they are large and heavy (weight from 120 to 200 grams).

There is no velvety, the skin is smooth, red or crimson.

It has good winter hardiness, does not succumb to insect attacks and does not suffer from diseases characteristic of fruit crops.

The types are divided into two classes:

  • Roseflower - the inflorescence is pink.
  • Capnanuleflory - flowers are bell-shaped, color - white.

The varieties are also divided according to the color of the pulp:

  • red;
  • green;
  • yellow.

Each has its positive and negative sides, before planting it is worth familiarizing yourself with their characteristics.

Read more about growing nectarine on the video:

The best varieties of nectarine

The best ones are those indicated in the table.

HarkoThis is a mid-season species. A tree of medium height, up to about five meters, thanks to this, the plant does not need special agrotechnical actions. The fruits are large, the weight of one fruit is one hundred and sixty grams. Good fruiting. Suitable for long distance transportation.
WangIt is famous for its abundant yield, while it does not require special care. Regular watering and plenty of light are important. The tree is not susceptible to diseases, aphids and other parasites. The species is mid-season. The fruit is round, weight from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and forty grams, the inside is yellow, the taste and smell is rich
ScythianA kind of large variety. The fruit is yellow in color with a red blush on the sides. The tree reaches a height of five to seven meters. Young shoots grow and take root quickly, bloom profusely. Inflorescences are formed in April. The shape of the fruit is in the form of a ball, weighing from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and eighty grams. The inside is tender, but at the same time firm and juicy. The collection takes place in the last days of summer
LolaThis species was bred in Uzbekistan. The tree is not tall, the crown is oval, spreading. It is considered a hybrid variety, early maturing and frost-resistant. Sweetish taste, peach aroma. The color of the nectarine is half dark red and half cream with green. The only drawback is the tendency to attack by fungi.
FlavorThe species was bred in America. It attracts with a rich red color, the size of the fruits is slightly smaller than the others. The pulp is plump, but the juiciness is not lost. Intense aroma. Ripeness occurs at the end of August. Can be grown in any part of Russia and Ukraine
Ruby 7Mid-season. The nectarines are large, with a dark red skin, the inside is soft and juicy. Near the stone, the color is yellow with red veins. Not susceptible to diseases, easily tolerates high and minus temperatures

Self-fertile nectarine varieties

Self-pollinated varieties include those indicated in the table.

Ruby 4

This species was bred in 1973 in the Botanical Garden in the city of Nikitsk. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is rounded.

The inflorescence is pink. High yield, with proper care, 45 kg of fruit can be harvested from a tree.

The variety is considered early, since the first fruits ripen in the last days of July, fruiting lasts until August.

The fruit is large, slightly elongated, the weight of one is from one hundred and fifty to two hundred grams.

Stark Sanglo

Late, ripening begins in the month of August and lasts until September.

The fruits are large, the minimum weight is one hundred and fifty grams, the shape is oval and round.

The fruit is yellowish with a red blush. The pulp is very juicy and fleshy.

The taste is sweet and sour.

High frost resistance. Self-fertile variety

Earliest varieties

Early maturing species include:

  • American - Wang 8. Harvesting is carried out in mid-late July. The fruit is round, deep red in color, large (the weight of one nectarine ranges from one hundred and fifty to one hundred and ninety grams). Inside, the flesh is fleshy, yellow. Sweet, with a pleasant sourness. The tree is resistant to frost and disease.
  • Italian - Donut. Ripening occurs at the end of July. The shape of the fruit is flattened, fig. The color of the fruit is red, the diameter of the fruit reaches 10 cm, and the weight is up to 120 grams. Inside, the flesh is creamy or white, with a small bone. The taste is sweet, rich aroma. High frost resistance.
  • American - Honey Haven. The nectarine ripens in the middle of summer. Weight - from eighty to two hundred grams, very large, red color. The pulp is dense, yellow in color. It is susceptible to some types of diseases, calmly endures severe frosts.
  • American - Big Fire. Ripening, as in previous cases, occurs at the end, mid-July. The fruit is oval, cherry color, the weight of one fruit is from two hundred and fifty to three hundred grams. In the middle there is a yellow, sugary pulp. Can be transported without any problems.

Nectarine Big-top and Nikitinsky-45

These species are considered new, but they are in no way inferior to the old ones. The variety is famous for its good fruiting and very large fruits. The trees are medium-sized, with a rounded crown. The stone is small, well separated.

The fruit is oval, tastes sweet, honeyed, weighs from 150 to 200 grams.

It looks very presentable, it is widely used in trade. Inside, the flesh is orange, creamy, redness is noticeable near the stone.

The aroma is fragrant. The harvest is early, the harvest time falls at the end of July.

Details about nectarine varieties, Big-top variety:

Nectarine fantasy

Bred in California, thanks to the crossing of two species - Gold King and Red King. The tree is tall. It blooms very early and densely. High fruiting, round nectarine, medium size (from one hundred and fifty to one hundred and eighty grams).

The skin is smooth, golden and yellow. Inside, juicy pulp of a yellow hue, red can be seen near the stone. Not susceptible to disease, cold-resistant.

The taste is sweet, the pulp is juicy and tender. The variety is perfect for making juices, candied fruits, and can be frozen for the winter.

Crimean

Tall, fast growing tree. Very well tolerated in dry and hot weather. Has a dense crown. Fruit weight reaches 160 grams.

The skin is smooth, difficult to remove, yellow in color, there are dark cheeks. There is a raspberry edging near the bone on the pulp. The variety is winter-hardy and transportable.

The first harvest is already possible in the second or third year after planting.

Columnar

A compact tree, small in size (no more than half a meter).

High yield, there are so many fruits on the branches that there are no empty spaces, the first harvest appears already in the second season. The fruits are large, juicy, sweet in taste.

Advantages of the Nectarine-4 variety

The plant is classified as a medium-sized plant. The top of the tree is rounded.

Advantages:

  • high yield, regardless of weather conditions;
  • good winter hardiness;
  • unpretentious care.

The tree bears fruit after planting in the third year. The fruits are round in shape, the weight of one nectarine is one hundred and fifty grams. The pulp is yellow, sometimes orange, with a soft consistency.

Crimson Gold and its features

This is a smooth-skinned hybrid species with an average tree height.

Calmly tolerates heat and cold.

Fruiting is high, the fruits are small in size, the mass of one nectarine is one hundred and thirty grams. The inside is fibrous, yet soft and juicy. Early ripening. Needs constant care.

As you can see, there are many varieties of nectarine. They are renowned for their yield, high palatability and minimal maintenance. Before planting a plant, you should carefully study the characteristics.


Watch the video: Sunglo Nectarine Trees (June 2022).


Comments:

  1. Kazizshura

    This is a great idea

  2. Machair

    Your opinion is your opinion

  3. Wynward

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  4. Didier

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