We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Chayote, or as it is popularly called Mexican pepper, belongs to numerous varieties of perennial plants of the pumpkin family, which is very rich in rare valuable species. The shoots of this plant are poorly descended (reach an average of 20 cm in length) and cling to the support with antennae, the grooves are longitudinal.
The leaves of the plant are large enough (up to 25 cm in length), with a heart-shaped base, covered with harsh hairs and broken into 3-7 lobes. Leaf stalks vary from 3 to 25 cm.
The flowers of the plant are unisexual, usually greenish or pale cream in color, the diameter of the corolla is on average 1-1.5 cm.
The fruits of the plant have a pear-shaped or round shape with an average length of 10-20 cm, the mass of one berry can reach 1 kilogram. The peel of the fruit is strong, but at the same time rather thin, shiny, longitudinal grooves or small growths can be observed. The color of the fruit can be observed as whitish or light yellow, or green. The pulp of the plant is rich in starch, tastes sweet and very juicy. Also, in the middle of the fruit there is a large flat-oval seed (2-5 cm in length).
Mexican pepper is a very versatile plant that is used, as they say, in waste-free production, since all parts of chayote are considered edible.
The leaves of the plant are usually stewed, but the fruit itself, in particular in an unripe state, is part of an extensive list of dishes, it is used both boiled, baked, stuffed, and stewed. It can also be added raw to various salads. Chayote seeds are roasted and taste like nuts. The pulp of Mexican pepper is used in the manufacture of bakery products.