The scrape is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Australia; develops erect or hanging, like ground cover, not exceeding 20-30 cm in height; in nature it is a perennial plant, but it fears the cold and badly bears the humid winters of our peninsula, where it is grown as an annual, or as a houseplant during the winter months. It produces dense, ramified, very branched bushes, with thin and flexible stems, which bear numerous lanceolate, dark green, slightly leathery leaves; from March to April, until September, it produces small flowers with a particular fan shape, purple or purple, with a yellow or white eye. Very original plant, it is used in the flower beds, but also in pots, especially in hanging baskets.
There Scaevola it is grown in a very bright, sunny or partially shady place; it loves the heat of the summer season but it fears the winter cold, therefore the specimens left outside are destined to the complete desiccation, above all in the places where the autumn is very rainy. It is possible to grow the plant even in an apartment, where it behaves like an evergreen; in conditions of intense brightness it can also flower in the apartment, throughout the year.
The species of Scaevola they endure short periods of drought without problems; during the hot season water when the soil is dry. Fears excess water, and it is therefore advisable to water a little rather than exceed. The fool indeed fears water stagnation and it is therefore necessary to avoid excessive watering. Every 20-25 days, provide fertilizer for flowering plants. The specimens grown in the apartment need occasional watering, when the soil is well dry.
The fools are more easily cultivated in a soft and very well drained soil, consisting of a mixture of universal soil with the same volume of sand. If cultivated in pots, every year it is advisable to change the soil in the container. When the scum blooms, it is necessary or in any case recommended to administer specific liquid fertilizer for these plants mixed with water obtained from watering. The optimal frequency to administer this compound is approximately every 15 days.
The reproduction takes place by seed, but only using fresh seeds; in late spring or in summer it is possible to practice semi-woody cuttings, which root with great ease. Semi-woody branches are taken and then planted in the following spring. To best take care of the growth of your seedling, it will be advisable to make a correct maintenance pruning. Remove the dried leaves, damaged branches and dried flowers from the plant.
Scaevola - Scaevola: Pests and diseases
It is generally not affected by pests or diseases; however, it can suffer the excesses of watering and stagnant water, which quickly causes the decay of the entire plant. If the leaves have white or powdery spots it is possible that we are faced with the appearance of a fungal disease. It is the white mal, also called oidium which causes the leaves to dry up and in the younger plants, even from the entire stem. When, on the other hand, the leaves of our scum appear rather sticky, here we will have to deal with the green aphids. These pests attack the scaevola species mainly during the summer season. The most effective remedy is to treat the seedlings infected with specific insecticides.