How to fertilize cucumbers so that they are beautiful and tasty? This question is asked by every summer resident and gardener. There are many fertilizers, they are different and it is easy to "get lost" in them and choose, in the end, not quite what you need.
- How to fertilize cucumbers?
- On the principles of natural farming
Cucumber ovaries grow very quickly, a week is enough for them, therefore, removing already ripe cucumbers, you see already new strong ovaries that require feeding.
If the cucumbers are not fed, they will become "ugly" - they will become crooked and tasteless. However, you should not apply a lot of different fertilizers, because the plants need a little, but correct feeding.
It should also be borne in mind that at the beginning of the growing season, a cucumber needs more nitrogen, during the period of growth in a loop, a cucumber needs more potassium, then during the period of fruiting and the appearance of new growths, more nitrogen is required again.
How to fertilize cucumbers?
- You can use a compost paddle, it should be applied once a week per square meter of fertilizing bucket.
- Ash chatter is also a good fertilizer for cucumbers. It should be applied once a week: dissolve a glass of ash in a bucket of water and spread over two square meters.
- Top dressing at different periods of the growing season. During the flowering period: dissolve one teaspoon of urea, potassium sulfate, superphosphate and a glass of mullein in ten liters of water. During the fruiting period, it is carried out three times. First: dissolve a tablespoon of nitroammophoska and a glass of chicken manure in ten liters of water and add five liters of the mixture per square meter. The second is carried out 12 days after the first: dissolve a teaspoon of potassium sulfate and 1/2 liter of mullein in ten liters and add five liters per square meter. The third feeding is applied 12 days after the second feeding: a tablespoon of nitroammofoska, a glass of chicken droppings or 1/2 liter of mullein are dissolved in ten liters of water, and five liters of the mixture are added per square meter.
- If, after fruiting, the leaves of the plant become rough and prickly, then they should be sprayed with a solution of urea: a tablespoon per ten liters of water.
- If the soil is low in nitrogen, the leaves of the cucumber will turn pale green, after which they will turn yellow and fall off. If there is not enough phosphorus, then the leaves will be dark green with an admixture of a purple hue, falling off, the leaves will turn black. Lack of potassium in the soil will lead to the appearance of a pale green border along the edge of the leaves, which will change color to brown, and brown spots also appear. Poor growth of cucumbers, dying off and wilting of the plant indicates a lack of calcium in the soil. Signs of a lack of magnesium will be yellow spots on the leaves, their browning and dying off. If there is not enough iron in the soil, then the leaves on the tops of the shoots turn yellow, but do not die off.
- During the period of ovary and fruiting, the lack of nutrients can be determined by the shape of the fruit. If the fruit becomes thinner near the stalk, acquires a pear-like shape, then there is not enough potassium. It is better to add not mineral water, but a chatterbox of ash. If the fetus is deformed at the tip, then there is not enough nitrogen. Planting nitrogen-fixing plants such as beans and beans will help. Constrictions in the middle of the fruit indicate "burns" of the root system when watering with cold water. In this case, it is necessary to irrigate with settled water in the evening.
You can also familiarize yourself with the choice of fertilizers for cucumbers, feeding cucumbers for open ground and greenhouses, pre-planting soil preparation for cucumbers.
Failure to comply with the doses of fertilizers applied leads to the accumulation of chemical elements in the soil, adversely affects the development of plants and can lead to human poisoning.
- An excess of potash fertilizers affects the ability of plants to absorb nitrogen. Cucumber shoots become thinner, foliage brightens a lot.
- With an excess of nitrogen, the stems of cucumbers thicken, greens grow violently, and the ripening of fruits is delayed. The fruits become smaller, nitrates accumulate in them. The scourge of cucumbers becomes susceptible to fungal diseases. Such a crop is dangerous and can be poisoned.
- With an excess of phosphorus, necrotic spots appear on cucumbers. The plant becomes very susceptible to lack of water.
On the principles of natural farming
In order to avoid the irrational accumulation of chemical elements in the soil, many households and farms are switching to so-called natural farming. Preference is given to natural fertilizers that restore soil fertility.
By decomposing, organic matter stabilizes the microbiological activity of the environment, attracting more and more worms there. Gradually, the humus layer will be added and this will lead to the self-healing of your site. It is believed that the soil can be revived within three years.
For fertilizers, mature compost is used, the cucumber plots are planted with green manure and soil-improving plants, and they also carefully monitor the crop rotation. You can decide on the predecessors of cucumbers here and here.
When thinking about the need for fertilization, carefully weigh all the arguments. I don't really want to be poisoned by my own crop, right? Be attentive to dosages or improve your environment with organic matter, and you will have healthy and wholesome cucumbers every season.