Garden

Jasmine - Jasminum polyanthum


GeneralitŠ°


Jasminum polyanthum, commonly known as jasmine, belongs to the Oleaceae family, a genus of about 300 species of climbing shrubs, with deciduous and rustic leaves. It is a plant native to the Middle and Far East as well as to South America. It has thin, climbing or hanging stems, which bear large compound leaves, imparipinnate, consisting of 3-5 oval leaflets, dark green, glossy and waxy. In spring, in the axils of the leaves, racemes form, consisting of some star-shaped flowers, white or pinkish-white, intensely scented. After flowering it is possible to trim the stems, so as to favor a compact development of the plant.

Exposure



Place the Jasminum polyanthum in a sunny and bright place, sheltered from the wind; in general jasmine can withstand short periods of intense cold, but in regions with cold winters it is advisable to grow these plants in a sheltered place, avoiding temperatures below -5 ° C for very long periods. In autumn, repair the foot of the plant with dry leaves, to prevent the soil from freezing deep.

Watering



The watering of Jasminum polyanthum must be frequent from the time of transplantation to taking root occurred, moderate later. In fact, jasmine can withstand even long periods of dryness; in particularly dry spring periods it is advisable to stimulate flowering with sporadic watering.

Ground



despite the delicate aspect the jasmines are plants that develop without problems in any soil, preferring however rich, soft and very well drained substrates.

Multiplication


it is obtained by taking cuttings of 8-10 cm from load-bearing or semi-mature branches. The cuttings should be placed in the appropriate multiplication boxes filled with a mixture of sand and peat. Once they take root, the seedlings will be transferred into 8-10 cm diameter pots.
The multiplication can also be obtained by taking the buds born at the base of the adult plant.

Parasites and Diseases


as regards the diseases that can most frequently affect jasmine, we mention the attacks of aphids and cochineals especially for plants placed in sheltered positions; moreover, an excessive humidity during the vegetative restart can favor the appearance of gray mold.

J. nudiflorum



Rustic, shrubby, deciduous shrub, native to China. It can reach a height of a few meters (up to 3 meters). The flowers are yellow and appear from November to April. The leaves are smooth and dark green.

J. beesianum



deciduous climbing shrub, even 3 meters high. The flowers are dark red and bloom during the summer, leaving room for very decorative fruits. The leaves are lanceolate and opposite.

J. grandiflorum



variety from India. These are climbing and delicate shrubs, which are characterized by very fragrant flowers, pink in color, just blossomed then white, which appear throughout the summer.

J. officinale


variety of climbing shrubs, rustic with deciduous leaves that can reach 10-15 cm in height. Flowering occurs from June to October; the flowers are white.

J. azoricum


originally from South America. Portrayed of evergreen, rustic and climbing shrubs, which are distinguished by the peculiarity of their star-shaped and white-colored flowers, delicately scented that appear during the summer.

Jasmine - Jasminum polyanthum: J. stephanense



it is a horticultural variety and more precisely a climbing and semi-evergreen hybrid in areas with a mild climate. Flowering takes place in June; the flowers are light pink. The leaves are dark green on the upper side, light green on the lower one.