As its name suggests, climbing plants are characterized by their natural tendency to grow vertically by leaning and climbing to nearby walls, be they walls, special supports, railings, etc.
This singular peculiarity has made this kind of plants particularly suitable for creating reserved environments and small gardens especially in terraces.
Not only that, the climbing plants allow to attenuate the insolation, to cover "unpleasant" views, to muffle the noises, to protect other plants from the direct exposure to the sun and to the bad weather, to cover walls and other structures sometimes not very aesthetic.
The choice of the climber must be consistent with the characteristics of the position and the place in which it is intended to be placed. Existing types and varieties are numerous.
Choose climbing plants
To best decorate your garden it is good to choose carefully the varieties to grow, especially considering the final effect you want to achieve.
If we want to surround ourselves with flowers and perfumes, we can choose between sarmentose roses, suitable for all regions, bignonie, clematis, wisteria and jasmine, particularly suitable for temperate climates, and finally bougainvillea for Mediterranean locations.
In the case in which the effect to be obtained is that of a green corner, we will instead use ivy, the Canadian vine, etc.
In any case, to obtain a luxuriant growth, it is advisable to plant the climber in large vessels, considering not only the current size of the plant but also and above all of what will be its development and therefore of the dimensions that it will reach in the phase of maturitа. The best time to transplant is February-March.
To best keep your green space and get good results in the cultivation of climbing varieties it is good to remember to implement some practices that will help to have beautiful and lush shrubs.
From the beginning it is good to "guide" the branches of the plant, securing them in such a way as to "shape" the plant and obtain the desired effect. In this regard it should be remembered that the branches must not be excessively tightened to the supports and that the handmade raffia is the most suitable instrument for this kind of operation.
The shoots must be fixed maintaining the right distances between them, bearing in mind the development and intense vegetative activity of the newly transplanted plant. The most used supports are: wooden racks, iron wires, wire mesh and structures (gazebos, railings, etc.). From time to time it is good to correct the trend from the branches, intervening with appropriate cuts, in order to make the composition more organized and cured.
Fast climbing plants
if you need to plant climbing varieties that ensure rapid growth, so as to quickly and optimally cover unpleasant spaces, it is appropriate to know that there are many species that show this particular prerogative. The most common and used are: the false jasmine (Rhyncospermum jasminoides), very fragrant plant, with a beautiful and abundant flowering; the wisteria, known by all for its particular flowers, can grow even up to 3/4 meters in the first year or the American vine (Ampelopsis) which due to the development of originals is able to grow even along smooth walls suction cups "which allow the grip.